Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint.
arthritis treatment for feethow to arthritis treatment for feet for In the UK, around 10 million people have arthritis. It affects people of all ages, including children (see below).
Types of arthritis
The two most common types of arthritis are:
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK, affecting around 8 million people.
It most often develops in adults who are in their late 40s or older. It''s immune system targets affected joints, which leads to pain and swelling.
arthritis treatment for feethow to arthritis treatment for feet for The outer covering (synovium) of the joint is the first for 1 last update 2020/07/02 place affected. This can then spread across the joint, leading to further swelling and a change in the joint''s muscles, ligaments and tendons.
- joint pain, tenderness and stiffness
- inflammation in and around the joints
- restricted movement of the joints
- warm, red skin over the affected joint
- weakness and muscle wasting
Arthritis and children
Arthritis is often associated with older people, but it can also affect children. In the UK, about 15,000 children and young people are affected by arthritis.
Most types of childhood arthritis are known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). JIA causes pain and inflammation in one or more joints for at least six weeks.
Although the exact cause of JIA is unknown, the symptoms often improve as a child gets older, meaning they can lead a normal life.
The main types of JIA are discussed below. Arthritis Research UK has more information about the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Oligo-articular JIA is the most common type of JIA. It affects fewer than five joints in the body – most commonly in the knees, ankles and wrists.
arthritis treatment for feethow to arthritis treatment for feet for Oligo-articular JIA has good recovery rates and long-term effects are rare. However, there''s no cure for arthritis, but there are many treatments that can help slow down the condition.
For osteoarthritis, medications are often prescribed, including:
In severe cases, the following surgical procedures may be recommended:
- arthroplasty (joint replacement)
- arthodesis (joint fusion)
- osteotomy (where a bone is cut and re-aligned)
Read more about how osteoarthritis is treated.
Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis aims to slow down the condition''t easy and carrying out simple, everyday tasks can often the 1 last update 2020/07/02 be painful and difficult.Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis aims to slow down the condition''t easy and carrying out simple, everyday tasks can often be painful and difficult.
However, there are many things you can do to make sure you live a healthy lifestyle. A range of services and benefits are also available.
arthritis treatment for feethow to arthritis treatment for feet for Many people with arthritis want to continue working for many reasons, including better financial security and higher self-esteem.
Improved treatment approaches have helped ensure that many people who are diagnosed with arthritis can return to work. This is particularly the case if arthritis is diagnosed and treated at an early stage.
You may find work challenging, but your employer should help you with the training and support you need.
Help is also available if your arthritis is so severe that you''s very important to eat a healthy, balanced diet if you have arthritis. Eating healthily will give you all the nutrients you need and help you maintain a healthy weight.
Your diet should consist of a variety of foods the 1 last update 2020/07/02 from all five food groups. These are:Your diet should consist of a variety of foods from all five food groups. These are:
- fruit and vegetables
- starchy foods – such as bread, rice, potatoes and pasta
- meat, fish, eggs and beans
- milk and dairy foods
- foods containing fat and sugar
Read more about how to have a healthy, balanced diet.
If you''t get any worse. Combined with the 1 last update 2020/07/02 a healthy, balanced diet (see above), regular exercise will help you lose weight and place less strain on your joints.If you''t get any worse. Combined with a healthy, balanced diet (see above), regular exercise will help you lose weight and place less strain on your joints.
Your GP can advise about the type and level of exercise that''s important to look after your joints so there''t grip too tightly – grip as loosely as possible or use a padded handle to widen your grip
It''s affecting your ability to move around your home and carry out everyday tasks, such as cooking and cleaning.
They can advise about equipment you may need to help you live independently.
Depending on the exact nature of your condition, your GP may be able to refer you to an NHS occupational therapist. However, you may need to access this type of therapy through your local council.
Find your local council on GOV.UK.
Read more about occupational therapy.
Telecare Self-Check online tool
Visit the Telecare Self-Check online tool to find the right support for you in your area. This easy to use online tool allows you to find helpful information on telecare services that could help you live independently at home for longer.