Arthritis Cure

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Post-traumatic arthritis
Other namesPost-traumatic osteoarthritis, post-traumatic inflammatory arthritis
Post-traumatic arthritis of the wrist
SpecialtyOrthopedics
Symptomsstiffness, swelling, synovial effusion, pain, redness, tenderness, grinding, instability, intra-articular bleeding
TypesPost-traumatic osteoarthritis, post-traumatic inflammatory arthritis
CausesPhysical injury
Risk factorsOverweight, physical activity, injuries
Diagnostic methodMedical history, X-ray
TreatmentMedication, surgery, physical therapy
MedicationNSAIDs, cortisone, paracetamol, corticosteroid
FrequencyOver 5.6 million people in the US

Post-traumatic arthritis (PTA) is a form of osteoarthritis following an injury to a joint.[1]

Contents

Classification[edit]

Post-traumatic arthritis is a form of osteoarthritis and the former can occur after the latter. However, post-traumatic arthritis can also occur after the development of chronic inflammatory arthritis.

Generally, post-traumatic arthritis is classified in two groups: post-traumatic osteoarthritis and post-traumatic inflammatory arthritis.[2]

Post-traumatic the 1 last update 2020/07/07 osteoarthritisPost-traumatic osteoarthritis[edit]

Post-traumatic osteoarthritis is the most common variation of post-traumatic arthritis.[3] Between 20 and 50%[4] of all osteoarthritis cases are preceded by post-traumatic arthritis. Patients having post-traumatic osteoarthritis are the 1 last update 2020/07/07 usually younger than osteoarthritis patients without any previous physical injuries.[5] Post-traumatic osteoarthritis is the most common variation of post-traumatic arthritis.[3] Between 20 and 50%[4] of all osteoarthritis cases are preceded by post-traumatic arthritis. Patients having post-traumatic osteoarthritis are usually younger than osteoarthritis patients without any previous physical injuries.[5]

Post-traumatic inflammatory arthritisArthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for [edit]

Less common is post-traumatic inflammatory arthritis, accounting for between 2 and 25% of all post-traumatic arthritis cases.[6] There are reports about a connection between previous physical injury and inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis[7][8] or psoriatic arthritis.[9][10]

Signs and symptoms[editArthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for ]

The symptoms of post-traumatic arthritis are similar to the ones occurring with osteoarthritis. General symptoms are stiffness, swelling, synovial effusion, pain, redness, tenderness, grinding, instability and intra-articular bleeding of the injured joint.[1][11]

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for As a result of this symptoms, post-traumatic arthritis often comes along with the loss of ability.

Risk factors[edit][edit]

Since post-traumatic arthritis usually occurs after injuring a joint, the risk of having post-traumatic arthritis after such an injury is significant higher.^ Risk factors which increase the danger of getting post-traumatic arthritis are being overweight and physical activity.[12] The prevalence of post-traumatic arthritis is much higher when doing heavy work and overusing the injured joints. Examinations also revealed that a body mass index (BMI) increase of five units results in a 35% higher risk of post-traumatic arthritis.[13]

It is reported that genetics do have an influence on the prevalence of post-traumatic arthritis.[14][15] According to newer examinations, the sex of the patients may also have an influence on post-traumatic arthritis, since females are affected by post-traumatic arthritis more the 1 last update 2020/07/07 frequently than males.[16] It is reported that genetics do have an influence on the prevalence of post-traumatic arthritis.[14][15] According to newer examinations, the sex of the patients may also have an influence on post-traumatic arthritis, since females are affected by post-traumatic arthritis more frequently than males.[16]

the 1 last update 2020/07/07 PathogenesisPathogenesis[edit]

The process of post-traumatic arthritis can be divided into three phases: immediate, acute, and chronic.[1][17]

Immediate phase[edit]

This phase usually begins a few seconds after the injury; it is characterized by cell necrosis, collagen rupture, swelling of the cartilage, hemarthrosis, and the loss of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs).[1][18]

Acute phaseArthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for [edit]

In this phase, acute post-traumatic arthrosis emerges. Matrix degradation, leukocyte infiltration, inflammatory mediators, deficient lubricants, and apoptosis can occur. Typically, the acute phase comes hours after the injury.[1][19]

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Chronic phase[editArthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for ]

The chronic phase occurs months or years after the trauma. Typical symptoms are joint pain and dysfunction.[1][12]

Diagnosis[edit][edit]

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Post-traumatic arthritis is diagnosed with the help of a patient''Angelo, Salvatore; Scarpa, Raffaele (November 2008). "". The Journal of Rheumatology. 35 (11): 2085–2087. doi:10.3899/jrheum.080668. PMID 19004049.

  • ^ Punzi, L.; Pianon, M.; Bertazzolo, N.; Fagiolo, U.; Rizzi, E.; Rossini, P.; Todesco, S. (May 1998). "". Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology. 16 (3): 277–281X. PMID 9631749.
  • ^ "". medicine.umich.edu. Retrieved 2018-03-28.Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for
  • ^ a b c d Anderson, Donald D.; Chubinskaya, Susan; Guilak, Farshid; Martin, James A.; Oegema, Theodore R.; Olson, Steven A.; Buckwalter, Joseph A. (2011-06-01). "". Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 29 (6): 802–809. doi:10.1002/jor.21359. PMC 3082940. PMID 21520254.
  • ^ Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Jiang L, Tian W, Wang Y, Rong J, Bao C, Liu Y, Zhao Y, Wang C (May 2012). "". Joint, Bone, Spine : Revue du Rhumatisme. 79 (3): 291–7. doi:10.1016/j.jbspin.2011.05.015. PMID 21803633.
  • ^ Valdes, Ana M; Doherty, Sally A; Muir, Kenneth R; Wheeler, Margaret; Maciewicz, Rose A; Zhang, Weiya; Doherty, Michael (2013). "". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 72 (10): 1687–1690. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202562. PMC 3786638. PMID 23355107.Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for
  • ^^ Spector TD, MacGregor AJ (2004). "". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 12 Suppl A: S39–44. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2003.09.005. PMID 14698640.
  • ^ a b Zhang Y, Jordan JM (August 2010). "". Clinics in Geriatric Medicine. 26 (3): 355–69. doi:10.1016/j.cger.2010.03.001. PMC 2920533. PMID 20699159.
  • ^ Lieberthal, Jason; Sambamurthy, Nisha; Scanzello, Carla R. (2015). "". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 23 (11): 1825–1834. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2015.08.015. PMC Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for 4630675. PMID 26521728.
  • ^ Swärd, P.; Frobell, R.; Englund, M.; Roos, H.; Struglics, A. (November 2012). "". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 20 (11): 1302–1308. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2012.07.021. PMID 22874525.
  • ^ Heard, B. J.; Solbak, N. M.; Achari, Y.; Chung, M.; Hart, D. A.; Shrive, N. G.; Frank, C. B. (December 2013). "". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 21 (12): 1942–1949. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2013.08.019. PMID 24012772.
  • ^^ Bierma-Zeinstra, Sita M. A.; Oster, J. Dorinde; Bernsen, Roos M. D.; Verhaar, Jan A. N.; Ginai, Abida Z.; Bohnen, Arthur M. (August 2002). "". The Journal of Rheumatology. 29 (8): 1713–1718X. PMID 12180735. for 1 last update 2020/07/07
  • ^ Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Cibulka, Michael T.; White, Douglas M.; Woehrle, Judith; Harris-Hayes, Marcie; Enseki, Keelan; Fagerson, Timothy L.; Slover, James; Godges, Joseph J. (2009). "". The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 39 (4): A1–25. doi:10.2519/jospt.2009.0301. PMC 39632823963282. PMID 19352008.
  • ^ a b Wang, Shi-Yi; Olson-Kellogg, Becky; Shamliyan, Tatyana A.; Choi, Jae-Young; Ramakrishnan, Rema; Kane, Robert L. (2012-11-06). "". Annals of Internal Medicine. 157 (9): 632–44. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-157-9-201211060-00007. PMID 23128863.Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for
  • ^ a b Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for De Luigi, Arthur Jason (May 2012). "". PM&R: The Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation. 4 (5 Suppl): S122–133. doi:10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.01.012. PMID 22632691.
  • ^ a b French, H. P.; Brennan, A.; White, B.; Cusack, T. (April 2011). "". Manual Therapy. 16 (2): 109–117. doi:10.1016/j.math.2010.10.011. PMID 21146444. for 1 last update 2020/07/07
  • Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for ^ Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Flood J (March 2010). "". The American Journal of Managed Care. 16 Suppl Management: S48–54. PMID 20297877.
  • ^ Zhang, W.; Moskowitz, R. W.; Nuki, G.; Abramson, S.; Altman, R. D.; Arden, N.; Bierma-Zeinstra, S.; Brandt, K. D.; Croft, P. (September 2007). "". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 15 (9): 981–1000. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2007.06.014. PMID 17719803.
  • ^ Arroll, Bruce; Goodyear-Smith, Felicity (2004-04-10). "". BMJ. 328 (7444): 869. doi:10.1136/bmj.38039.573970.7C. PMC 387479. PMID 15039276. for 1 last update 2020/07/07
  • ^ Santaguida, Pasqualina L.; Hawker, Gillian A.; Hudak, Pamela L.; Glazier, Richard; Mahomed, Nizar N.; Kreder†, Hans J.; Coyte, Peter C.; Wright, James G. (2008). "". Canadian Journal of Surgery. 51 (6): 428–436X. PMC 25925762592576. PMID 19057730.
  • ^ Carr, Andrew J; Robertsson, Otto; Graves, Stephen; Price, Andrew J; Arden, Nigel K; Judge, Andrew; Beard, David J (2012-04-07). "". The Lancet. 379 (9823): 1331–40. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60752-6. PMID 22398175.
  • ^ Jenkins, P. J.; Clement, N. D.; Hamilton, D. F.; Gaston, P.; Patton, J. T.; Howie, C. R. (January 2013). "". The Bone & Joint Journal. 95-B (1): 115–121. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.95B1.29835. PMID 23307684.Jenkins, P. J.; Clement, N. D.; Hamilton, D. F.; Gaston, P.; Patton, J. T.; Howie, C. R. (January 2013). "". The Bone & Joint Journal. 95-B (1): 115–121. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.95B1.29835. PMID 23307684.
  • ^^ Daigle, Meghan E.; Weinstein, Alexander M.; Katz, Jeffrey N.; Losina, Elena (2012). "". Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology. 26 (5): 649–58. doi:10.1016/j.berh.2012.07.013. PMC 3879923. PMID 23218429.
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