Arthritis Cure

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Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory type of arthritis that primarily affects the skin and joints. 

Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) affects men and women equally, and it usually develops after age 30.  Psoriasis and PsA both run in families; it is more common in whites than in other races/ethnicities. The disease may begin in childhood. 
 

Causes

PsA (like psoriasis) is an autoimmune disease, which means the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue, causing inflammation and pain and resulting in damage. Researchers aren’t sure why some people develop PsA. They think it’s a combination of having certain genes, which makes them more likely to develop the disease, and being triggered by something in the environment, like an infection, stress, physical trauma or another factor. 

Symptoms:

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Skin:

Itchy, painful red patches or a silvery white buildup of dead skin cells; most commonly on the knees, elbows and scalp, although a rash can occur anywhere on the body. It is not contagious. 

Joints/Spine:

Mainly occurs in the fingers (in the joints closest to the nail), wrists, ankles and knees. Symptoms such as pain, tenderness, warmth and swelling, may affect different sides of the body (right hand and left knee). This may be referred to as peripheral arthritis. Sometimes one entire, individual finger or toe will swell up, making it painful and hard to bend. This is referred to as dactylitis. Pain and stiffness in the low back, buttock can also occur. Sometimes the neck and hips are affected and this may be referred to as spondylitis or axial arthritis. 

Nails:

Cracking, pitting, white spots and lifting from the nail bed can occur. This may be referred to as nail disease.

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Enthesis (plural, entheses):

Inflammation and swelling of one or more the 1 last update 2020/05/28 entheses, which are the places in the body where a tendon or ligament connects with a bone. Common spots include at the back of the heel and the bottom of the foot. This is called enthesitis. 

Many people with psoriatic arthritis get very tired (fatigue) and some may have a low-grade fever. Symptoms may come and go. A period of increased inflammation and worsening of other symptoms is called a flare. A flare can last for days or months.  Inflammation and swelling of one or more entheses, which are the places in the body where a tendon or ligament connects with a bone. Common spots include at the back of the heel and the bottom of the foot. This is called enthesitis. 

Many people with psoriatic arthritis get very tired (fatigue) and some may have a low-grade fever. Symptoms may come and go. A period of increased inflammation and worsening of other symptoms is called a flare. A flare can last for days or months.  

Health Effects

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for If PsA inflammation goes unchecked, it can cause many health problems including: 

  • Damage to the lining that covers the ends of bones in a joint (cartilage), and the bones themselves. It will get harder to move joints and someone may become disabled. 
  • Redness, irritation and disturbed vision (uveitis) or redness and pain in tissues around the eyes (pink eye). 
  • Stomach problems, diarrhea and bloating (gastrointestinal problems). 
  • Shortness of breath and coughing (lung problems). 
  • Damage to blood vessels and the heart muscle. 
  • Weak bones that break more easily (osteoporosis). 

People with PsA may also develop metabolic syndrome, which is a group of conditions that includes obesity, high blood pressure and poor cholesterol levels.  

Diagnosis

A prompt diagnosis is an important first step in managing PsA. No single test can confirm psoriatic arthritis. The first symptoms to appear may determine which doctor makes the diagnosis. A skin doctor (dermatologist) may be seen if skin and/or nail problems appear first. A primary care doctor or a rheumatologist may be seen first, if arthritis is the chief complaint. The doctor will use medical history, a physical examination and lab tests to make the diagnosis.

Medical history. The doctor will discuss when symptoms started, if they come and go, how severe they are, what actions makes them better or worse and whether family members have psoriasis, PsA or another autoimmune disease.  
Physical examination.  The doctor will look for joint pain, tenderness, swelling, warmth or limited movement, skin or nail changes. 
Tests. The doctor may order X-rays to look for changes to bones and joints. Blood tests check for signs of inflammation. They include C-reactive protein and rheumatoid factor (RF). People with PsA are almost always RF-negative, so if blood tests are positive for rheumatoid factor, the doctor will suspect RA. Tests of the fluid around a joint can help rule out gout or infectious arthritis. 

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for  

Treatments

Medications

Treatment of psoriatic arthritis focuses on:  
  • Stopping progression of the disease. 
  • Reducing inflammation.  
  • Treating skin symptoms. 
  • Relieving pain.  
  • Keeping joints as mobile as possible. 
Early, aggressive treatment of PsA helps to minimize the effect of the disease on your quality of life. Managing psoriatic arthritis can seem like treating two diseases.  Since many people with PsA have psoriasis, they may see a primary care doctor, a dermatologist and a rheumatologist. Some treatments work on both diseases. Others work mainly or only on skin problems or arthritis. All medications have benefits and risks. 

Treating Psoriasis  
The over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription treatments for psoriasis include:  
  • Topical medications made from vitamin D, derivatives of vitamin A, salicylic acid, coal tar or corticosteroids.  
  • Treatments using sunlight or specialized ultraviolet light. 
  • Medicines that target the skin. 
  • Medicines that target the immune system. 
Treating Psoriatic Arthritis
The over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medicines for psoriatic arthritis include:  

NSAIDs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are usually taken by mouth, although some can be applied to the skin. Popular over-the-counter (OTC) versions, such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, help to ease pain.  Many prescription NSAIDs can help reduce inflammation, too.  

Corticosteroids. These powerful anti-inflammatory medicines can be taken by mouth (orally) or injected into a joint at a doctor’s office. In the case of oral corticosteroids, doctors try to use these drugs at the lowest dose for the shortest time possible because of side effects, which can include facial swelling, easy bruising, weight gain and weak bones.  

DMARDs. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are powerful medications that reduce inflammation and can stop PsA from getting worse. They are available as pills, can be self-injected or given as an infusion. There are three types of DMARDs: 
  • Traditional DMARDs have been used the longest and have a broad immune-suppressing effect. The most commonly-used drug is methotrexate. These medicines are usually taken by mouth and can take up to three months to become fully effective. 
  • Biologics interrupt certain chemicals or steps in the inflammatory process and they generally work more quickly than traditional DMARDs. They are self-injected or given by infusion in a doctor’s office. 
  • Targeted DMARDs, like biologics, also block certain steps in the inflammatory process, but these drugs are taken by mouth. 
While DMARDs can be very effective, in many cases they suppress the immune system and raise the risk of infection.  

Every person with PsA is different. Doctors recommend certain medications depending on: 
  • How many and which parts of the body are affected. 
  • How severe the disease is. 
  • How many joints are affected. 
  • Drug allergies and other health conditions. 
  • Current medication use.  

Surgery

Most people with psoriatic arthritis will never need joint surgery. However, if joints are severely damaged by the disease, or if other treatments don’t reduce pain, an orthopedic surgeon can help. Damaged joints are replaced by a plastic, metal or ceramic prosthesis to reduce pain and improve function.  

Exercise

Studies show that regular exercise is one of the best ways to keep joints healthy and moving smoothly and also keep weight in check. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that everyone, including those with arthritis, get 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous exercise per week.  Low impact exercises, such walking, swimming or biking can reduce pain and joint stiffness. Building up muscles around painful joints gives them added support. Always check with your doctor or physical therapist before starting a new exercise program. 

Physical Therapies and Assistive Devices

Physical and occupational therapy can help ease pain with: 
  • Strengthening and flexibility exercises.
  • Hot and cold therapies.
  • Body manipulation.
  • Tips on assistive devices (e.g. braces, splints) and ways to modify movements. 
2x

JAS affects roughly 2 to 3 times more boys than girls

90%

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for People with ankylosing spondylitis have the HLA-B27 gene

10%

10 to 20 percent of the 1 last update 2020/05/28 adult ankylosing spondylitis cases start in childhood10 to 20 percent of adult ankylosing spondylitis cases start in childhood

Self Care

Protect skin

Keeping skin moisturized is helpful in managing psoriasis. Regular use of lotions or creams containing aloe vera, jojoba or zinc may help lubricate affected skin. Taking short, warm (not hot) baths using oatmeal, bath oil, Dead Sea or Epsom salts may also soothe skin. Make a habit of applying moisturizers following daily showers or baths, or after swimming.  
 

Wash and dress with care

Wash clothes with fragrance-free detergent and fabric softeners to reduce risk of skin reactions. Choose clothing that is loose-fitting to avoid scratching scaly areas of skin. Natural, soft fibers like cotton may be less irritating to skin and cooler in warm months. 

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Eating anti-inflammatory and other healthy foods

A healthy, balanced diet -- rich in fresh foods like fruits and vegetables and low in sugar, fat and salt -- can help people with psoriatic arthritis boost their overall health and control their weight. Eating too many unhealthy foods may increase inflammation and fatigue.  

Manage stress

Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Excess stress can worsen flares and make it harder to manage daily activities. Meditation, listening to soothing music, walking, joining a support group and exercise such as yoga and tai chi can help reduce stress. 

Use hot and cold therapies

Heat improves blood circulation helping to reduce joint stiffness and muscle spasms. Cold helps reduce swelling by constricting blood vessels.

Relax

Train your muscles to relax and slow down your thoughts with techniques such as deep breathing, meditation and picturing images that put you in a good mood.  

Change smoking and drinking habits

Smoking is bad for a person's health. It's always a good time to stop smoking. Drinking too much alcohol can affect how medications work, increase drug side effects or lead to excess weight. Ask a doctor if it is safe to drink alcohol when receiving treatment for psoriatic arthritis. 

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Arthritis Curehow to Arthritis Cure for Every gift to the Arthritis Foundation will help people with arthritis across the U.S. live their best life. Whether it is supporting cutting-edge research, 24/7 access to one-on-one support, resources and tools for daily living, and more, your gift will be life-changing.

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Volunteer Opportunities

The Arthritis Foundation is focused on finding a cure and championing the fight against arthritis with life-changing information, advocacy, science and community. We can only achieve these goals with your help. Strong, outspoken and engaged volunteers will help us conquer arthritis. By getting involved, you become a leader in our organization and help make a difference in the lives of millions. Join us and become a Champion of Yes.

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Tell us what matters most to you. Change the future of arthritis.

By taking part in the Live Yes! INSIGHTS assessment, you’ll be among those changing lives today and changing the future of arthritis, for yourself and for 54 million others. And all it takes is just 10 minutes.

Your shared experiences will help:

- Lead to more effective treatments and outcomes
- Develop programs to meet the needs of you and your community
- Shape a powerful agenda that fights for you

Now is the time to make your voice count, for yourself and the entire arthritis community. 

Currently this program is for the adult arthritis community.  Since the needs of the juvenile arthritis (JA) community are unique, we are currently working with experts to develop a customized experience for JA families. 

How are you changing the future?

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Meet Our Partners

As a partner, you will help the Arthritis Foundation provide life-changing resources, science, advocacy and community connections for people with arthritis, the nations leading cause of disability. Join us today and help lead the way as a Champion of Yes.

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Our Trailblazers are committed partners ready to lead the way, take action and fight for 1 last update 2020/05/28 for everyday victories. They contribute $2,000,000 to $2,749,000Our Trailblazers are committed partners ready to lead the way, take action and fight for everyday victories. They contribute $2,000,000 to $2,749,000

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Our Visionary partners help us plan for a future that includes a cure for arthritis. These inspired and inventive champions have contributed $1,500,00 to $1,999,999.

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Our Pioneers are always ready to explore and find new weapons in the fight against arthritis. They contribute $1,000,000 to $1,499,999.

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Our Pacesetters ensure that we can chart the course for a cure for those who live with arthritis. They contribute $500,000 to $999,000.

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Our Signature partners make their mark by helping us identify new and meaningful resources for people with arthritis. They contribute $250,000 to $499,999.

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Our Supporting partners are active champions who provide encouragement and assistance to the arthritis community. They contribute $100,000 to $249,999.